Anxiety is one of the great evils of our time. So much so that there are already several types of anxiety referenced and continue to appear more and more extensive classifications. It is not for less if we consider that the times in which we live are sometimes very demanding, and the balance, both itself and what we have with other people, is potentially dynamic.
Anxiety is one of the faces of fear. But unlike fear itself, there is no specific stimulus here that provokes it . The fear is normal when contemplating a particular threat and realize that our integrity could be in danger. But anxiety is a form of fear that often has no definite cause, so it is not easy to intervene about the source of this anxiety or the factors that make it recurrent.
“Fear sharpens the senses. Anxiety paralyzes them. ”
You realize that anxiety is around you because you feel restless, insecure or concerned about something “inaccurate” or something specific that you do not know how to deal with. As if you were inside a plane in free fall, even though you are actually sitting in your living room watching television. You feel an internal restlessness that does not leave you alone, that makes you feel agitated, angry, uncomfortable, but can not identify why.
There are several types of frequent anxiety. Some people prefer to simply call them “stress” or “worry”, but if examined with a magnifying glass are very strong forms of anxiety. The good thing is that any of these types of anxiety can be overcome. To achieve this the first thing to do is to try to get to know them a bit more.
Generalized anxiety and social anxiety
Generalized anxiety disorder is defined as a state of constant concern , without there being a specific reason for this to happen. It needs to last longer than 6 months and is usually accompanied by difficulties sleeping, irritability, problems of concentration and general fatigue.
Social anxiety , in turn, is a condition in which a person experiences fear or anguish in all those situations where they need to interact socially with others. By changing into kids, one is afraid of contact with others. Much of this anxiety is anticipatory, that is, it happens before feared social contact happens.
Both conditions significantly deteriorate the quality of life of a person. They are states that do not heal on their own , over time, since they are often fed back with different avoidance behaviors. These are not bad times, but situations that require professional treatment.
In most cases short therapy is enough to bring the emotions back under control. In other situations, longer interventions are required, but the probability of overcoming these conditions in any case is very high.
Obsessive disorders and posttraumatic stress
Obsessive disorders are of various kinds, but all have in common the fact that there is a persistent and intrusive idea that causes fear and anguish. So, however much a person tries to get that idea out of his head, he can not. These obsessions can even invade the personality and provoke an existential paralysis.
Post-traumatic stress is that state of distress that comes after experiencing a traumatic experience. It manifests as restlessness, difficulty sleeping and, mainly, with a recurring fantasy that what happened will repeat itself again. It causes the person to remain alert and to nurture insecurity and isolation .
In both cases, and depending on the severity of the symptoms, there are different ways to overcome the problem. The practice of some relaxation method can contribute significantly to decrease anxiety and increase the ability to concentrate. If these methods are not effective, the professional therapy is an excellent alternative, with great possibilities of success.
Agoraphobia and hypochondria
Agoraphobia has become one of the most common types of anxiety currently. It is a diffuse and uncertain fear of all those situations where there seems to be no escape , or in which there is no possibility of receiving help if the person suffers a panic attack. In other words, the person thinks he may have a panic attack and that, under certain circumstances, he will not be able to escape or receive help. In a way, it is a form of fear of fear.
Each day is more the number of consultations for agoraphobia and those who suffer from it suffer greatly and feel great limitations to lead a normal life. Something similar happens with hypochondriacs that interpret catastrophically any signal from their body. They suspect they have serious illnesses and feel that their condition may worsen at any time without them being able to do anything about it.
In both cases it is advisable to practice some kind of relaxation . These contribute to reduce or disable the increase of anxiety and to better identify the signals that the body commands. They also produce greater self-control. Regular physical exercise also helps in this regard. As in other cases, if this is not enough, the help of a professional will always be the most reliable alternative.