Similar to intense agony, anxiety is a sense of anticipation of the future that comes before important events such as marriages, job interviews, and dating even happen. It’s a way for the brain to prepare for what lies ahead.
However, exaggeration or being overly-stressed is abnormal and may be one of the symptoms of generalized anxiety, the most known type of Anxiety Disorder. Learn to identify it.
Generalized Anxiety: What is it?
According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) of the American Psychiatric Association, generalized anxiety disorder is a disease characterized by exaggerated feelings of anxiety and fear.
The disturbance is so excessive that even banal events become a cause for concern, such as small work duties, finances, and delays.
As a result, there are signs of psychic and physical anxiety and must be taken into consideration. Still according to the DSM-V, most frames last for six months, but others last for years and the patient has great difficulty in controlling their anxious urge.
Psychiatrist Antônio Geraldo da Silva, a technical superintendent of theBrazilian Association of Psychiatry (ABP), says that those who suffer from anxiety see the world differently due to genetic factors that may or may not manifest throughout their lives.
However, there are facts that can trigger seizures if the disease is still in the acute phase. According to him, the majority of crisis triggers are related to events in which there was a loss, such as a dismissal from a job, the death of a relative, loss of references, freedom, etc.
These situations, which can be both conscious and unconscious, create a process of mourning, which leads to the onset of anxiety.
The chronic phase is characterized by constant anxiety. It usually occurs with those who do not treat the disease in the acute period.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder Symptoms
- Exaggerated worry
- Constant fear
- Difficulty concentrating
- Feeling that something bad will happen
- Out of control with your own thoughts
- Exaggerated concern about reality
- Chest pain or tightness
- Heart palpitation
- Feeling that you will faint
- Shortness of breath
- Speak exaggeratedly fast
- Muscle tension
- Back pain
- Sleep disturbance
Normal and pathological anxiety: how do I know if I have the disorder?
In addition to the symptoms of anxiety, Dr. Geraldo explains that the main difference of Generalized Anxiety Disorder from normal sensation is the social impairment of the patient’s life. It is so intense that simple activities, such as sleeping and working, become extremely difficult.
The diagnosis is purely clinical, that is, it has no examinations other than medical research and perception. The most qualified professional is the psychiatrist.
Does anxiety have a cure?
According to the professional, anxiety has to heal through proper treatment. However, in some cases, relapses occur and in others, it is necessary to extend the duration of the medication, which can be administered for years.
The main means to treat anxiety symptoms are the use of psychiatric medications, which may be antianxiety or antidepressants, and therapy with a psychologist in order to learn to control the anxious urge.
The practice of physical activities is also beneficial as well as dietary guidelines since some stimulant foods can worsen the situation, such as coffee and energetics.