Anxiety depressive disorder is a common psychiatric disorder that unites symptoms of two disorders, creating a picture of constant sadness and worry. The problem is very limiting because it affects family life, relationships, and work, but can be successfully treated in order to recover the quality of life of the patient.
What is anxiety depression?
Mixed anxiety and depressive disorder is a picture characterized by the presence of depression and anxiety in the same person. “It’s like having diabetes and hypertension at the same time,” exemplifies psychiatrist Antônio Geraldo da Silva, technical superintendent of the Brazilian Association of Psychiatry (ABP). “It may be someone who has a depressive disorder with marked generalized anxiety disorder symptoms or vice versa,” he points out.
In addition to the more well-known type of anxiety, which is generalized, other types of disorders can also be developed along with depression such as panic syndrome and phobias.
Like most psychic disorders, anxiety depression still does not have its defined causes. However, it is believed to have a genetic basis and can be triggered by events, such as the death of relatives or loved ones, unemployment, financial problems, and self-esteem, etc.
The psychiatrist Antônio da Silva points out that the onset of the two disorders in the same individual can occur in two ways: in the first, the depressive picture stimulates the onset of anxiety. Already in the second, anxiety leads to the onset of depression.
Symptoms of anxiety depression
As it is characterized by comorbidity, that is, the presence of more than one disorder at the same time, the patient may present symptoms of depression and also anxiety at the same time. Check out the main ones:
- Appetite changes
- Sleep disorders
- Apathy and tiredness
- Chest tightness
- Seizure and hopelessness
- Uncontrollable thoughts
- Difficulty concentrating
- Decreased libido
- Back or chest pain that does not respond to treatments
- Speak exaggeratedly fast
- Shortness of breath
- Lack of concentration, pleasure, and will
- Constant fear
- Memory loss
- Exaggerated worry
- Feeling that something bad will happen
- Muscle tension
- Deep sadness
Does depression anxiety have a cure?
Both anxiety and depression can be cured through treatment indicated by a psychiatrist, who is usually long, in conjunction with a psychologist. The cure may be temporary, which means that the disorders may manifest again sometime. In these cases, it will be necessary to resume treatment and prolong the time of use of the medication to avoid further seizures.
Treatment for anxiety depression
The use of anxiolytic or antidepressant medications treats both disorders. The duration and dosage of treatment is prescribed by a psychiatrist, who will do so based on each patient’s condition.
Psychiatrist Antônio Geraldo da Silva points out that this type of medication does not cause addiction or addiction. “The first step in getting rid of diseases is to seek treatment. Today, everything in psychiatry is based on science and therefore you do not have to be afraid to treat it, you just have to check the training of the professional you plan to consult, can be done by the site of the regional council of medicine or the website of the Brazilian Association of Psychiatry, “he points out.
On the website of the Federal Council of Medicine, it is also possible to find such a tool.
Psychologist therapy is of utmost importance for those who suffer from anxiety-related depressive disorder because it uses integrated practices to help patients deal with problems in a way that is not so harmful to oneself.
The practice of physical activities to combat depression and anxiety also helps as it stimulates the release of relaxing substances in the body. In addition, betting on attitudes and habits to control anxiety, such as meditation, breathing exercises and proper eating also brings improvements to various aspects of life.